US authorities have been warned by Asia-Pacific airlines against taking “ill-judged reactionary measures’’ that could threaten the global economy by imposing costs for no tangible security benefit.A strongly-worded statement from the Association of Asia Pacific Airlines warns that any move by the US to expand the ban on laptops and large electronic items in the cabins of aircraft operating US-bound flights could also undermine public confidence in aviation security.AAPA joins the International Air Transport Association, the European Union and travel bodies in urging the US to look again at proposals to expand the ban to European destinations and possibly wider.AAPA director general Andrew Herdman said the association understood the need to maintain the highest level of security in air transport and were committed to working with government security agencies and others.“Despite recent events, public confidence in the safety and security of air travel remains high,’’ Herdman said. “It would be a tragedy if that confidence were to be undermined by ill-judged reactionary measures being misguidedly imposed by those entrusted with maintaining public safety.“The ripple effects of such measures, and their proposed wider expansion, threaten to disrupt the global economy and impose far greater costs on society with no tangible public security benefits.“This would only serve to further the aims of the terrorists, who measure their success by how much society over-reacts to their provocations.’’Herman said past experience with terrorist threats repeatedly highlighted the critical importance of effective intelligence gathering and analysis rather than a focus on generalised screening.He urged governments to work more closely with the International Civil Aviation Organisation and the industry.“Good security is all about comprehensive threat assessment and balanced risk management, not the elimination of every conceivable risk,’’ he said. “Aviation security is a collective global responsibility and requires effective consultation to ensure that security measures are practical, cost effective and sustainable whilst minimising the impact on the wider travelling public.’’AAPA also noted airlines had invested heavily in technology to allow passengers to use their personal electronic devices on aircraft and passengers were already subject to “onerous and inconsistent” screening measures prior to boarding a flight.It said safety issues relating to big numbers of lithium battery-powered devices stowed in an aircraft cargo bay, contrary to recognized best safety practices, also remain unresolved.While the US Department of Homeland Security has yet to make a decision on expanding the ban imposed in March on North African and Middle Eastern airports, it has confirmed it is considering the option.However, it has labelled as incorrect conflicting reports it is looking at extending the ban to all flights to the US and that it has shelved the expansion proposal.Representatives from the EU and the US are due to meet for further discussions on the issue.
DescriptionAlthough no child is injury proof, parents can take some simple steps to keep their children from getting head injuries.Car SafetyYour child should wear a seatbelt at all times when they are in a car or other motor vehicle.Use a child safety seat or booster seat that is best for their age, weight, and height. A seat that fits poorly can be dangerous. Ask your doctor or nurse, or check with your local police station, about where you can have your childs car seat checked for free.Children often move from car seats to booster seats when they weigh 40 pounds. There are car seats that are made for children who weigh more than 40 pounds.Car and booster seat laws vary by state. It is a good idea to keep your child in a booster seat until they are at least 4?9.”Do not drive in a car with a child when you have been drinking alcohol.Wearing a HelmetHelmets help to prevent head injuries. Your child should wear a helmet that fits properly for the following sports or activities:Playing contact sports, such as lacrosse, ice hockey, footballRiding a skateboard or in-line skatesBatting or running on the bases during baseball or softball gamesRiding a horseRiding a bikeSledding, skiing, or snowboardingYour local sporting goods store, sports facility or bike shop will be able to help make certain the helmet fits properly. You can also contact the American League of Bicyclists.Almost all major medical organizations recommend against boxing of any sort, even with a helmet.advertisementOlder children should always wear a helmet when riding a snowmobile, motorcycle, scooter, or all-terrain vehicle (ATV). If possible, children should avoid riding on these vehicles.After having a concussion or mild head injury, your child may need a helmet. Always talk with your doctor or nurse about when to return to activities.Keeping Your Home Safe Install window guards on all windows that can be opened.Use a safety gate at the top and the bottom of stairs until your child can safely go up and down. Keep stairs free of any clutter. Do not let your children play on stairs or jump on or from furniture.Do not leave a young infant alone on a high place such as a bed or sofa.Store all firearms and bullets in a locked cabinet.Playground SafetyMake sure playground surfaces are safe. They should be made of shock-absorbing material, such as hardwood mulch or sand.Keep your children away from trampolines, if possible.Bed SafetySome simple steps can keep your child safe in bed:Keep the side rails on a crib up.Do NOT buy bunk beds. If your children do have bunk beds, make sure there is a side rail and that the frame is strong.Do NOT let your kids jump on beds.ReferencesHeads up. Facts for physicians about mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). US Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CS 109152.CS109152Review Date:8/1/2012Reviewed By:Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.