first_imgIt was Maddox’s third home run of the season and the 16th in her career. She needs just two more to enter Drake’s top 10. Maddox finished 2-for-4 with three RBI. Story Links Evansville 5/3/2019 – 2 p.m. DES MOINES, Iowa – Sarah Maddox (Henderson, Nev.) blasted a walk-off eighth-inning solo home run for the Drake University softball team in a 6-5 extra-innings victory over Iowa State Wednesday night at Buel Field. In the second inning, Iowa State tied the game with two runs in the second inning. The Cyclones took a 4-2 lead in the third with a two-run home run by Sydney Stites. Maddox though evened the game at 4-all with a two-run single in the bottom of the inning. Maddox ripped a single to right field that scored Mandi Roemmich (West Des Moines, Iowa) and Kennedy Frank (Chesterfield, Mo.), who both reached via singles.  ESPN+ Full Schedule Roster Next Game: Drake (37-14) improved to 5-0 against in-state opponents when Maddox crushed a 1-1 pitch from Iowa State (28-22) starting pitcher Emma Hylen over the left field fence. Earlier in the season, the Bulldogs swept league rival UNI and beat Iowa on April 17 at Buel Field. Nicole Newman (Madison, Wis.) pitched 2.2 scoreless innings of relief for the win. Newman improved to 24-6 on the season behind seven strikeouts with just one hit and one walk allowed. Nicole Timmons (Davenport, Iowa) started and went 5.1 innings and allowed five runs on 10 hits and six walks with three strikeouts. Over the next innings, the two teams would each put multiple runners in scoring position, but couldn’t quite get the timely hit before Maddox’s walk off blast. Taryn Pena (Columbia, Ill.) put the Bulldogs up early at 2-0 with a first-pitch two-run home run in the first inning. Pena’s blast over the left field fence started a high-scoring night for both teams. PDF Box Score Drake return to league action Friday when Evansville visits Buel Field for a 2 p.m. doubleheader. The teams end the regular season Saturday at 12 p.m. All four games will be streamed on ESPN+. Prior to Saturday’s game, Drake will host senior day for Frank, Gabbie Jonas (Omaha, Neb.), Newman, Pena and Melissa Schlotzhauer (Pilot Grove, Mo.). Print Friendly Version Watch Live The tie didn’t last long as the Cyclones went ahead 5-4 with Stites RBI single in the fourth. But, Drake answered with Newman’s fifth-inning RBI groundout that scored Johnson and made the score 5-5. Previewlast_img read more

first_imgMobile phone company Three has made a pledge not to re-introduce roaming charges between the UK and Ireland after Brexit.The announcement has come as a relief to border customers, who have been concerned about extra phone charges for travelling outside the EU.Three Ireland and Three UK have both moved to assure customers that their roaming experience will not be affected by Brexit this year. “We are taking the industry lead on this issue and giving the assurance to our customers that the roaming experience that they have in the UK today will continue after Brexit, whatever shape that takes,” said Robert Finnegan, CEO of Three Ireland.Sinn Féin Councillor Gary Doherty has welcomed the commitment from the company and urged others to follow suit.The Stranorlar area councillor said: “I very much welcome this announcement by Three that they will not reintroduce Roaming charges for its customers on the island of Ireland or travelling to Britain.“We fought a long hard battle with the mobile operators on a European level to get these charges abolished in the first instance, and it was a very real concern that they would make an un-welcome return, particularly for those of us who live in border areas. “However, the onus is now on the other mobile phone operators to make the same commitment, follow Three’s lead, and pledge not to reintroduce these charges. Brexit, whether hard or soft, cannot be used as an excuse to impose extortionate charges for using a mobile phone in your own country,” Cllr Doherty concluded. Three promise to keep UK roaming free is welcomed in Donegal was last modified: April 4th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:BrexitCLLR GARY DOHERTYphonesTHREElast_img read more

first_imgSANTA CLARA — Here comes the heavy-lifting portion of the 49ers’ schedule, all due respect to the second 8-0 start in franchise history.All three games this month are at Levi’s Stadium – “Homember” – against the Seattle Seahawks (7-2), the Arizona Cardinals (3-5-1) and the Green Bay Packers (7-2). Then comes a 10-day trip to the Baltimore Ravens (6-2) and New Orleans Saints (7-1), with an anticipated layover in Florida. The closing hat trick: vs. the Atlanta Falcons (1-7), vs. Los Angeles …last_img read more

19 Dec / 2019

Scientist, Heal Thyself

first_img(Visited 292 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 People who play “King’s X” in the science lab had better be aware of their limitations and vulnerabilities.Science can be viewed as an organized way to seek knowledge about natural phenomena. It involves observing, publishing and review. But science is a big tent, granting undue prestige to some questionable fields, and granting undeserved reputation to individuals and institutions unaware of their biases and blind spots. Most importantly, science’s ideals cannot be met without character qualities like honesty, integrity, and allegiance to the truth, because every paper, every article, and every database must pass through the fingers of fallible human beings. If science were a mechanical method to crank out knowledge, there wouldn’t need to be continual chastisements and admonitions coming from within its own institutions, like these recent examples. Look at the temptations to sin in scientific communities:Dirty MoneyMore Scientists, Institutions with Links to Jeffrey Epstein (The Scientist). Ivory tower elites had better not be too quick to point the finger. In this article, reporter Catherine Offord points back: “Researchers continued to meet and accept funding from the wealthy donor even after he was convicted of sex crimes in 2008.” How many secular media reporters have covered this scandal? Talk about dirty money! Scientists are not immune from temptation. Do they get a “King’s X” from accusation because they wear the “Trust Me: I’m a Scientist” shirt?A number of scientists and research institutions continued to maintain links with convicted sex offender and financier Jeffrey Epstein after he was sentenced to prison in 2008, BuzzFeed News reported yesterday (August 26). While some of the payments and meetings he had with members of the research community were already public knowledge, others were identified by the news site through public records requests.HypocrisyPeer reviewers need a code of conduct too (Nature). Here’s a piece on the theme, “Who watches the watchers?” Linda Beaumont gets angry at the very peer reviewers who, in her experience, need some review on their behavior by watcher-watchers. She has witnessed that the reality is not the ideal it is made up to be.Learning to accept criticism is part of surviving the fierce competition in research. But an invitation to review the work of a peer, usually anonymously, is not a licence to patronize, intimidate or otherwise act in a way that would be unprofessional in the workplace. Such reviews are unnecessarily discouraging, particularly to an early-career researcher with limited experience of the system.SelfishnessWhy I said no to peer review this summer (Nature). A senior scientist and veteran reviewer, Jennifer Rohn, explains why she no longer feels a “moral obligation” to review every paper coming across her desk, especially when she is on vacation. “Moral obligation”? There’s the M-word again. Her reasons provide a glimpse into ulterior motives in the peer review system. They are not always pure. When she was younger, she explains, she felt obligated to take the requests out of a sense of reciprocity: her reviews would help her own reputation, or lubricate grant applications: “having this paper accepted and published quickly would surely help our next bid with a major funder.” That doesn’t sound like pure love of the truth. Duty is a quality that can be sacrificed for expediency. To the degree that’s how she feels, how trustworthy will her reviews be if the funder might not like the conclusions?In theory, we all have a duty to keep the wheels of peer review spinning. There is an unspoken pact of reciprocity in our tight-knit research community. Science has long operated like this: the expectation is that for every paper of mine being poked and prodded at by peers, I’m spending a roughly equal amount of time inspecting work by others. And because I know it’s frustrating to wait for a decision on a paper, why would I want to irritate a colleague by causing delays?PrideHundreds of extreme self-citing scientists revealed in new database (Nature). Scientists are vulnerable to another deadly sin: pride. In this article, Van Noorden and Chawla find a bit of a Good Old Boys Club going on in academia, where insiders pat each others’ backs to pad their reputations. Getting cited is supposed to be a measure of the value of research. In many cases, it is more a measure of how well insiders know how to play the rigged game.The world’s most-cited researchers, according to newly released data, are a curiously eclectic bunch. Nobel laureates and eminent polymaths rub shoulders with less familiar names, such as Sundarapandian Vaidyanathan from Chennai in India. What leaps out about Vaidyanathan and hundreds of other researchers is that many of the citations to their work come from their own papers, or from those of their co-authors.Blindness to BiasGeneric language in scientific communication (PNAS). This is a meta-paper: a paper about papers. Four psychologists examine the kind of language psychologists use in their research, apparently painfully aware of the scandals in the “soft sciences” of psychology and psychiatry. Sure enough, they find unexpected sources of bias in the very language psychologists use. Whether intentional or not, words can obfuscate rather than illuminate. This problem is not limited to psychology. How many scientists in all fields consider this blind spot?Scientific communication poses a challenge: To clearly highlight key conclusions and implications while fully acknowledging the limitations of the evidence. Although these goals are in principle compatible, the goal of conveying complex and variable data may compete with reporting results in a digestible form that fits (increasingly) limited publication formats. As a result, authors’ choices may favor clarity over complexity. For example, generic language (e.g., “Introverts and extraverts require different learning environments”) may mislead by implying general, timeless conclusions while glossing over exceptions and variability. Using generic language is especially problematic if authors overgeneralize from small or unrepresentative samples (e.g., exclusively Western, middle-class). We present 4 studies examining the use and implications of generic language in psychology research articles…. We found that generics were ubiquitously used to convey results (89% of articles included at least 1 generic), despite that most articles made no mention of sample demographics. … We highlight potential unintended consequences of language choice in scientific communication, as well as what these choices reveal about how scientists think about their data.Misplaced TrustModelling hubris may lead to “trans-science”, a practice which lends itself to the language and formalism of science but where science cannot provide answers.A short comment on statistical versus mathematical modelling (Nature Communications). Much of science relies on models. The best of models, however, are only simulations of reality. Often they leave out factors that could be consequential. “While the crisis of statistics has made it to the headlines, that of mathematical modelling hasn’t,” this article begins. “Something can be learned comparing the two, and looking at other instances of production of numbers. Sociology of quantification and post-normal science can help.” Post-normal science? Is that like last year’s Word of the Year, “Post-Truth”?Andrea Saltelli reveals a hidden crisis where ghosts of “methodological abuse” and “wicked incentives” that have haunted statistics are making apparitions in the more-trusted field of mathematical models:While statistical and mathematical modelling share important features, they don’t seem to share the same sense of crisis. Statisticians appear mired in an academic and mediatic debate where even the concept of significance appears challenged, while more sedate tones prevail in the various communities of mathematical modelling. This is perhaps because, unlike statistics, mathematical modelling is not a discipline. It cannot discuss possible fixes in disciplinary fora under the supervision of recognised leaders. It cannot issue authoritative statements of concern from relevant institutions such as e.g., the American Statistical Association or the columns of Nature….Yet if statistics is coming to terms with methodological abuse and wicked incentives, it appears legitimate to ask if something of the sort might be happening in the multiverse of mathematical modelling.She points out a truism: “All model-knowing is conditional on assumptions.” If statistical models can be misleading, why not mathematical models, which also rely on assumptions? Need examples? Her next sentence should be put into textbooks:Modelling hubris may lead to “trans-science”, a practice which lends itself to the language and formalism of science but where science cannot provide answers. Models may be used as a convenient tool of displacement – from what happens in reality to what happens in the model. The merging of algorithms with big data blurs many existing distinctions among different instances of quantification, leading to the question “what qualities are specific to rankings, or indicators, or models, or algorithms?” Thus the problems just highlighted are likely to apply to all of these instances, as shown by the recent alarm about unethical use of algorithms, the disruptive use of artificial intelligence exemplified by Facebook, or the well documented problems with the abuse of metrics, which is now reflected in an increasing militancy against statistical and metrical abuses.DishonestyCivic honesty around the globe (Science). Here is a curious paper. Four economists from America and Switzerland decided to run the scientific method on honesty. They basically found that people were more apt to return wallets that had more money in them. That’s an interesting thing to know, but wait for the commentary (below).Civic honesty is essential to social capital and economic development but is often in conflict with material self-interest. We examine the trade-off between honesty and self-interest using field experiments in 355 cities spanning 40 countries around the globe. In these experiments, we turned in more than 17,000 lost wallets containing varying amounts of money at public and private institutions and measured whether recipients contacted the owners to return the wallets. In virtually all countries, citizens were more likely to return wallets that contained more money. Neither nonexperts nor professional economists were able to predict this result. Additional data suggest that our main findings can be explained by a combination of altruistic concerns and an aversion to viewing oneself as a thief, both of which increase with the material benefits of dishonesty.Their work was published in Science, “Financial temptation increases civic honesty.”It’s an interesting “result,” to be sure, and may well be true. We have no particular reason to doubt it. But notice that to trust this paper, and the analysis by Shaul Shalvi quoted above, you have to assume the researchers are honest! What if they were not? Oh, but it was peer reviewed. But what if the reviewers were in on the scam? Who watches the watchers? One can certainly imagine ulterior motives for the research: prestige for oneself or one’s institution, necessity (“publish or perish”), or influence by funders or stakeholders desiring a certain outcome. The point is that without honesty and integrity, there is no science at all.Chuck-in-the-Box pops up in unexpected places.Careful readers of this last paper will notice several citations to the “evolution of altruism” and other such Darwinist mumbo-jumbo in the references. To the extent the authors believe that stuff, one could assume they wrote this paper for their own self-interest. If they were truly consistent, all their behaviors stem from the pursuit of personal fitness, not truth.Now, if they believe in the Ten Commandments and strive to follow them, that might be a valid foundation for trust. But even then, if their methods or assumptions are flawed, they might only be right by mistake.last_img read more

first_img6 July 2005New immigration regulations which came into effect this month are designed to attract the foreign skills and investment necessary for South Africa’s economic growth, says Home Affairs spokesperson Nkosana Sibuyi.They also reflect South Africa’s commitment to human rights and the security of those living within the country’s borders.Sibuyi said the amended immigration regulations will discourage illegal migration, especially of people from poverty-stricken countries, by creating a wider array of permits to legalise entry.“As a country we have an obligation to regulate or facilitate movement of people, goods and services into and outside South Africa,” Sibuyi said.Relevant permits“If somebody wants to visit South Africa, he or she must have a passport and apply for a visa if so required.“A potential investor, tourist, student or diplomat should apply for a relevant permit to legalise his or her stay in the country.”Sibuyi explained that under the new regulations, if a foreigner wants to start a business, he or she is expected to apply for a business permit and should have R2.5-million to invest.Applicants without these funds must convince the government that the business will be viable in South Africa.“We need to strike a balance in terms of scarce skills,” Sibuyi said. “We must capacitate our own people first before we attract skills from foreigners, so that we get a cross-pollination of ideas to empower our country.”He said the regulations would create an enabling environment for direct foreign investment in South Africa, and attract skills needed by the country’s economy.TrainingThe new National Immigration Branch, launched in April, has trained 106 officials to control the entry, stay and departure of foreigners in the country, as regulated by the Immigration and Refugee Acts.“The training takes at least a year,” Sibuyi said. “We want our officials to understand the Act, immigration regulations and how to fill forms so that travellers do not have to go through this burden at immigration offices.“We want to ensure that people who come to the country can do so conveniently.”The new regulations also clamp down on marriages of convenience, where foreigners pay local people to marry them and then use the marriage certificates to apply for citizenship.“The amended Act makes it a requirement that any foreigner who wishes to marry a South African and thereby obtain permanent residence in the country should have a marriage in good faith to such a South African citizen for at least five years before the status can be granted to them.“This will help our fight against the problem of fraudulent marriages,” he said.Almost 2 000 marriages were recently denied legality following a department investigation into marriages of convenience.With the new regulations, students from Africa will no longer be required to pay deposits before getting study permits, provided their governments submit written undertakings to pay deportation expenses for such students should this become necessary.New costsEntry and transit visas, renewal of visitors’ permits, study permits and medical treatment permits will now cost R425.Business permits, work permits and permanent residence permits each cost R1 520. The certificate of confirmation of permanent residence is R100.The amended Act also benefits workers from neighbouring countries: they will no longer have to leave the country immediately after being retrenched or dismissed from their jobs.“Now that there so many permits, there is no need for people – especially those from neighbouring states – to come to South Africa illegally,” Sibuyi said.He said the Southern African Development Community was currently discussing free movement within member states, referring to the recent agreement between South Africa and Mozambique to waive visa requirements.RefugeesOn the question of asylum-seekers, he said South Africa was guided by United Nations policies and the African Union Convention on Refugees.“We do not expect asylum-seekers to come to here with all the required documents, because of the conflicts in their countries,” Sibuyi said. “When they come here they should go to the nearest refugee reception and apply for asylum.”Refugee smart cards printed by Home Affairs will be given to refugees.Source: BuaNewslast_img read more

first_imgTags:#mobile#Product Reviews#web Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Related Posts Bumps in the RoadThere’s something that strikes me as a little awkward about the service, initially. I don’t think it’s quite got the grammar of intention-check-ins down quite right yet. When I said I wanted to grab food, the app suggested places near me right now. I’m going downtown to the train station though – there’s no way to change my location to that spot and search from there. I can just say, effectively, “I want to eat food at the train station.” And then use the free text comment area to say “I don’t really want to eat at the train station, I want to eat near the train station, where I will be later, who can recommend a good place near there?” At that point the structured part of the data and search feel like more trouble than they are worth. I may as well use Twitter. The exciting part about Ditto is its structured activity types and the way they are supposed to just let me click a few big buttons and have expressed my desire for something to do.It’s not clear if I’m supposed to post to Ditto after I leave home or when I’ve arrived someplace. I’m not sure if the venue database is supposed to tell me where exactly I should go or if my friends are. I’m not clear why I would use Ditto to tell my friends where I am if I am already there. Is Ditto still for suggestions? Is it still unique? I suspect that Ditto is going to be most useful when I’m wandering around in an urban environment, with available friends nearby, with time to kill and a general idea of the type of activity I want to engage in but without clarity on where I want to do it. That isn’t very often, to be honest.It could just be a new way to use the social Web and thus feel unfamiliar to me, but the relationships between place and venue, intention and real-time, activity and recommendation, Ditto and other social applications like Twitter and Foursquare are all going to take some time to get worked out better than they are right now, I think. There’s certainly huge potential here though.Structured activity stream data, especially if offered in a standardized format, could serve as a platform not just for recommendations but for analytics, targeting across platforms and many other types of innovative services of value to users, service providers and commercial organizations.Big Ambitions The combination of a pleasing interface with structured activity data as output could make all kinds of things possible in the future. Engeström says the things the service learns from the way its users interact with the first set of options will influence how future activity types and iterations are implemented. Nearby movie listings are integrated already, but Engeström says that books, movies and music will all be offered soon as well, using services like Netflix and Spotify. “The idea is to discover something new,” Engeström says. “Foursquare rewards you for going back to a place over and over again, we’re the oposite of that. We’re looking for generic discovery mechanisms that will make it easy to apply to anything. We think this could replace Google as a way to find things to consume.” (Ditto would then monetize those consumption recommendations through affiliate fees or advertising.)That’s a very ambitious goal, but the design, focus on data, vision and pedigree behind Ditto are enough to help it gather some prominent backing to pursue that goal. The company is funded by hot startup backers Betaworks (Twitter, Tweetdeck, Tumblr and many more) and True Ventures (StockTwits, Urban Airship, GigaOM and more). Those are investors who focus on companies with a strong love of data – so don’t think that this app is just about pretty pictures and sharing things with your friends.Ditto is fresh out of the gate and will likely see a whole lot more features and interface development soon. The minds behind it are very sharp, and the opportunity here is huge. I hope the service ends up feeling like something I want to launch regularly. I’m not sure I want Google telling me what to do next – but I think I would like it quite a bit if a service like Ditto, and my friends using it, could come up with some good ideas. marshall kirkpatrick Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology “I actually think most people don’t want Google to answer their questions,” Google’s then-CEO Eric Schmidt said last summer. “They want Google to tell them what they should be doing next.” What should you be doing next? A former Googler named Jyri Engeström, whose microblogging service Jaiku was cooler than Twitter, but was acquired into oblivion by Google three years ago, now thinks he can beat Google to the punch on that question. His new service Ditto launches today (iPhone app). It aims to use social suggestions, structured data and your existing Twitter and Facebook social graphs to recommend places and activities to fullfill your every desire. Ditto is a beautifully designed app for the iPhone. Users declare what they are going to do and where, then that message appears in the streams of all their friends. Friends can say “Ditto” with the click of a button, meaning they are going to or want to do the same thing, or they can reply with suggestions. I’m going to the Amtrak Station in downtown Portland this evening and I’d like to grab food nearby, for example. When I clicked the big, plush button for the activity type “Eat Out” I was then given the option to drill down into a sub category of sub-types of this activity: Asian, Breakfast, Fast Food, Mexican, etc. Had I said I wanted to exercise, a whole other set of options would be available (jogging, gym, soccer, etc.) and the activity types end up acting as constraints on the types of venues that pop up from the Foursquare database when I click to select a venue. (If I happen to be within 120 meters of that venue, I can choose to be automatically checked-in there on Foursquare, too.)Once I declare my intention to eat near the train station, my friends offered suggestions where I should grab food. It was cool. My expression of interest could have been pushed to Twitter or Facebook, or it could remain within Ditto, where such expressions make the most sense in context. (People complain when you Tweet about what you ate for breakfast already, imagine Ditto messages pushed to Twitter about the mere fact that you intend to eat breakfast!) If I like a friend’s suggestion, I can thank them and they will get a little trophy on their profile.last_img read more

first_imgYeng Guiao sees silver lining in latest election loss: ‘I can focus more on basketball’ Duterte wants probe of SEA Games mess Gilas’ first game in the pool stage is against Japan on Friday at 4:30 in the afternoon.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting MOST READ Janine Pontejos lit up for the Filipinos with 11 points, eight of which came from long distance, while Afril Bernardino added six points.Clare Castro and Jack Danielle Animam rounded out the scoring for the Philippines with three and two points, respectively.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsThe Philippines’ 17-point winning margin was its second highest in the tournament after it obliterated Samoa 21-1 in its opening game and set the record for the largest victory in Fiba 3×3 history.Pauline Malanga led Vanuatu, the 15th ranked team in the event, with three points. Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Ethel Booba twits Mocha over 2 toilets in one cubicle at SEA Games venue Gilas Pilipinas women’s team shines in Fiba 3×3 Asia Cup. Photo from FibaMANILA, Philippines—Gilas Pilipinas Women’s 3×3 completed an incredible sweep of the Qualifying Draw A after a sweet 22-5 dismantling of Vanuatu in the Fiba 3×3 Asia Cup Thursday in Changsan, China.The Philippines, ranked 10th in the tournament, topped the group with a 3-0 record and advanced to Pool C main draw where it will face with the no. 3 seed Japan and sixth seed Sri Lanka.ADVERTISEMENT Catholic schools seek legislated pay hike, too ‘Rebel attack’ no cause for concern-PNP, AFP DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew Two-day strike in Bicol fails to cripple transport LATEST STORIES View commentslast_img read more