To celebrate our continued success as well as the arrival of our new sister site, www.donegalwoman.ie, we’re bringing you an amazing giveaway.As an early Christmas present to our readers, we are hosting the 12 Days of Christmas Giveaway!Every second day from now until December 24th, we will be offering an unbelievably good prize. Our first prize was a trip away to the lavish Shandon Hotel, along with a luxurious spa treatment. Congratulations to Annelene Ní Fhearraigh for winning our first prize!Our second prize is from the hugely popular Century Cinemas!You could win a €100 voucher and a three month admission to Century Play! Century Play, Ireland’s third biggest play area in Ireland, has recently opened in Letterkenny, boasting an arcade, a junior area, toddler area, baby area, and sports area all under one roof!There’s a delightful coffee dock for parents to relax and unwind as their little ones play in the supervised spaces.This competition is open to all our readers, and there are multiple ways to enter. Each entry on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Email counts as one, so the more you do the more chances you have of being the lucky winner.This competition is open from 5pm today (Saturday, 3rd December) to 12noon Monday (5th December).Here’s how you can enter on all Donegal Daily and Donegal Woman platforms:Facebook: Find the competition post pinned to the top of the Donegal Daily or the Donegal Woman Facebook page.LIKE the postLIKE the Donegal Daily and the Donegal Woman Facebook pageSHARE the postTAG a friend Twitter:Visit @donegaldaily and @dglwomanRETWEET the competition tweet pinned at the top of the pageFOLLOW @donegaldaily and @dglwomanInstagram:Visit @donegaldaily or @donegalwomanLIKE ♥ the competition image for Century CinemasFOLLOW @donegaldaily and @donegalwomanEmail:Simply send a mail to [email protected] CENTURY CINEMA GIVEAWAY in the subject titleTerms & conditions apply. Good luck! It’s day TWO of the twelve days of Christmas giveaway! was last modified: December 3rd, 2016 by Elaine McCalligShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Century CinemasCentury Playcompetitiongive awaytwelve days of christmas
This entry scours some of the latest papers from Cassini for statements about the age of Saturn and its rings and inner moons.Ever since Science Magazine‘s June 14 issue on Cassini, additional news about the ringed planet and its moons has trickled in. Here we digest findings of interest to creationists and other Darwin skeptics.The origin of Saturn’s rings and moons (Science). This Perspective article by Shigeru Ida gives an overview of the June 14, 2019 special issue about Cassini. Notice what is young out there. The shocking findings of youth are stated as if this is not a problem for the moyboys.Rings: “The results strongly suggest that Saturn’s rings are much younger than Saturn itself and provide important clues to the origin of the rings and moons…. “the Cassini observations suggest that the rings are comparatively young.” They toss out dates of 10 million to 100 million years, but those are upper limits. Notice that 100 million years is only 1/45th the assumed age of the Saturn system. What was going on for the other 44/45ths of the time? Did rings just pop into existence when humans became available to see them?Mimas: “This could also account for the high crater density on Mimas’s surface, even if Mimas is young.” In a discussion of alternative models for the rings and moons, this statement indicates that Mimas could have acquired numerous craters relatively quickly even if it is young.Ring/Moon interactions: Modeling a collision as the origin of the rings suffers from the “low probability of an encounter with a Kuiper Belt object less than 2 billion years ago.” Trust the experts. They’ll think of something. “A clear answer to the long-standing question of when and how Saturn’s rings formed has not yet been obtained, but the Cassini data provide important pieces of the puzzle.“Close-range remote sensing of Saturn’s rings during Cassini’s ring-grazing orbits and Grand Finale (Science). Observations of small moons near the rings also indicate youth. “Together, these results show that Saturn’s rings are substantially younger than the planet itself and constrain models of their origin.”Close Cassini flybys of Saturn’s ring moons Pan, Daphnis, Atlas, Pandora, and Epimetheus (Science). ” We find that the optical properties of the moons’ surfaces are determined by two competing processes: contamination by a red material formed in Saturn’s main ring system and accretion of bright icy particles or water vapor from volcanic plumes originating on the moon Enceladus.” But has Enceladus been spouting like this for billions of years?Measurement and implications of Saturn’s gravity field and ring mass (Science). The moyboys simply refuse to give up their billions of years. To keep them, they have to invoke miracles of chance:The low value of the ring mass suggests a scenario where the present rings of Saturn are young, probably just 10 million to 100 million years old, to be consistent with their pristine icy composition. Nevertheless, the rings may have evolved substantially since their formation and were perhaps once more massive than they are today. Models for a young ring system invoke the chance capture and tidal disruption of a comet or an icy outer Solar System body, suggesting that catastrophic events continued to occur in the Solar System long after its formation 4.6 billion years ago.And yet the earlier paper said that collisions with objects from the outer solar system were highly unlikely in the last 2 billion years. The conundrum forces the moyboys to concoct a scenario where a miracle occurred after 44/45ths of the assumed age of Saturn had transpired before the rings formed!A Persistent, Large‐Scale, and Ordered Electrodynamic Connection Between Saturn and Its Main Rings (Geophysical Research Letters, June 28). At first glance, it would seem that an electrical connection between the rings and Saturn is bound to be a disruptive influence degrading the rings, not maintaining them. “Here we provide strong evidence for the persistent and organized presence of auroral hiss demonstrably associated with the main rings. This is in contrast to recent observations suggesting that Saturn’s rings may be barriers to field‐aligned currents.”Cassini’s Final Year at Saturn: Science Highlights and Discoveries (Geophysical Research Letters, June 3). Hidden within the comments made by Linda Spilker, Cassini Project Scientist, are indications that all is not well with consensus theories of the solar system. Did the world’s expert planetary scientists predict what they found? Listen to what she says:Findings made by the Cassini spacecraft and Huygens probe significantly altered our views of this outer planet system and in some cases challenged long‐held theories. Cassini explored these worlds up close, returning images that are beautiful as well as data that are scientifically priceless…. New discoveries examined in this issue include tiny ring particles with complex hydrocarbons streaming into Saturn’s atmosphere, methane from the rings feeding Saturn’s upper atmosphere, electric currents flowing between Saturn and its rings, and a new inner radiation belt. Saturn gravity and magnetic field measurements detected deep winds and differential rotation in its upper layers. Results from Cassini’s final orbits turned out to be more interesting than we could have imagined. Understanding the interior of Saturn and the interplay between the rings and planet will provide insights into how our solar system formed and evolved and the role of gas giant planets in exoplanet systems.Diagram of Saturn’s E-ring created by EnceladusLayman Articles and Press Releases about Saturn and its RingsNASA’s Cassini Reveals New Sculpting in Saturn Rings (JPL, June 13). The press release shows detailed images of the rings during the Grand Finale high dive orbits. “Findings include fine details of features sculpted by masses embedded within the rings. Textures and patterns, from clumpy to strawlike, pop out of the images, raising questions about the interactions that shaped them.” Ringmaster Jeff Cuzzi comments, “We are just settling into the next phase, which is building new, detailed models of ring evolution – including the new revelation from Cassini data that the rings are much younger than Saturn.”Yes, Saturn’s Rings Are Awesome — NASA’s Cassini Showed Us Just HOW Awesome (Space.com). “A lot of the structure, we don’t understand what maintains it over the long term,” admits Cassini project scientist Linda Spilker.A brief astronomical history of Saturn’s amazing rings (The Conversation, Aug 14). Vahe Peroomian (USC) comments, “Saturn’s rings are extremely bright and dust-free, seeming to indicate that they formed anywhere from 10 to 100 million years ago, if astronomers’ understanding of how icy particles gather dust is correct.” To see how shocking this is, imagine a rope 45 feet long representing the age of the solar system. A hundred million years ago would represent just one foot at the end of the rope.Wind mystery inside gas giant Saturn begins to unravel (Phys.org). “A new study argues that Saturn’s interior flows like honey due to its magnetic field, which may help solve the mystery of why the planet’s powerful winds stop 8,500 km inside the giant gas planet.” This article does not concern long ages, but it should be noted that Saturn’s magnetic field falsified the consensus dynamo model. Saturn’s spin axis is almost perfectly aligned with its magnetic axis — a situation which cannot exist according to theory, because an offset is required to power the dynamo.Saturn and its rings as seen by Cassini, April 25, 2016.Can Scientists Rescue Long Ages?Saturn’s icy rings are as old as the solar system itself, study suggests (Science Daily). “No one knows for certain when Saturn’s iconic rings formed,” this article begins, but the rescue device for long ages may create more problems than it solves. To get around the cleanliness of the ring particles (which should have gotten dirty over billions of years), a couple of scientists at SwRI (Southwest Research Institute) note that “the rings are constantly losing matter to Saturn.” OK, well: wouldn’t that destroy the rings over billions of years? They continue, “The process, which is largely a mystery, could very well be “cleaning” the ice of the rings and making them brighter over time.” But why would that be the case? Scientists have long thought they would get dirty from space debris, not brighter. Why invoke a new “mystery” to get around clear observations of contamination by micrometeoroids and space dust?Saturn’s Rings May Be Ancient After All (Space.com). Bombardment by micrometeoroids should make the rings darker over time. In this version of the rescue device, the SwRI group engages in special pleading. “For starters, the bombardment rate may vary over time, they suggest without evidence. “Maybe it’s unusually high right now — due to a (hypothetical) recent collision of distant Kuiper Belt objects, for example — and the rings were polluted much less intensely for most of their history.” With only flimsy evidence of organic molecules drifting from the rings into Saturn, they speculate, “One possible explanation is that the (unknown) process responsible for the erosion of the rings and the launch of these nanograins is actually ‘cleaning’ the rings, preferentially removing silicates rather than water ice,” the storytellers say, making the rings appear younger than they actually are.Bias RevealedOne of them reveals his reason for trying to rescue the old age of the rings. “I have to admit that I am biased, because I like very much the model of satellite formation from rings (I contributed to develop it), and I would be annoyed if it [were] proven impossible,” he told Space.com via email.Another source of bias is the desire to keep Enceladus old, so that the emergence of life would not be ruled out by a young age.Nailing down the rings’ age is important for a variety of reasons, he and others have stressed. For starters, if the rings are young, then most of Saturn’s icy moons may be as well — including geyser-spewing Enceladus, which hosts a big ocean of salty water beneath its frigid shell.Enceladus is widely viewed as one of the solar system’s best bets to harbor alien life, and the chances are much better in this regard if life has had 4.5 billion years to get going there rather than 100 million. (Another potentially life-hosting Saturn moon, the giant Titan, is widely regarded as ancient.)We will revisit Titan and Enceladus in a future entry, reporting on the latest science about those two fascinating moons. Is Titan really “widely regarded as ancient”? Regarded by whom? Evidence will be revealed to the contrary from secular science papers and articles.There you have it! Clear bias seen by planetary scientists who cannot stomach the idea that Saturn, its rings, and its moons are young! They need billions of years for evolution to work. They know that 100 million years is far too little time to get life going. Well, guess what. 100 trillion years is far too little time to get life going by chance. It’s not going to happen even in a multiverse. Let’s make the moyboys scream by suggesting that overwhelming evidence indicates the earth and the solar system is only a few thousand years old. (Visited 345 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
The SASSI programme’s prominent online presence has also made it easy for consumers to participate. Consumers can obtain the most up-to-date information at any time on the SASSI website, FishMS and mobi site. The FishMS service allows consumers to access the SASSI seafood database from any mobile phone. Consumers can send a text message to the number 079 499 8795 to find out whether a particular species is on the red, orange or green list. According to Petersen, the response from wholesalers and retailers to consumer pressure has also been encouraging. A growing number of participants at this end of the value chain are actively involved with the SFP. Quarterly assessments are carried out with each partner to evaluate their seafood procurement process and raise awareness amongst staff. The programme is working with 11 of the biggest seafood suppliers in South Africa (such as Aquatic Foods and Fish On Line), the large retailers (Pick n Pay, Woolworths, Spar) and popular restaurant chains such as John Dory’s and Ocean Basket. Offshore and inshore commercial industry players, such as I&J and Sea Harvest, are also involved.Fish stocks recovering Petersen said in a statement that kingklip stocks almost collapsed a few years ago. However, because of consumer pressure many restaurants stopped offering it on the menu and retailers no longer kept it in stock. Catch limits were also introduced and the kingklip spawning site near Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape was placed under protection. “I really hope to see kingklip on the green list one day soon.” Basson says that some of South Africa’s linefish species are also showing signs of recovery. For example, red roman, a member of the seabream family, is a popular linefish species that is endemic to Southern Africa. It is a reef-associated species with a relatively narrow distribution from Namibia to the Eastern Cape. She says it is a slow growth species – a 40cm fish could be as old as 40 years. They achieve late sexual maturity and change sex from female to male as they mature. These factors make them highly vulnerable to overfishing. Red roman stocks are in urgent need of rebuilding as they have almost disappeared in some areas such as False Bay on the southern Cape coast. However, she says that there is evidence of recovery within Marine Protected Areas (MPA) along the coast. Research has shown a 90% increase in catches of red roman within the Goukamma MPA. Goukamma is situated on the Garden Route on the Cape South Coast. The exclusion of fishing boats from Goukamma has also been beneficial. “Although much remains to be done to get the red roman stock back to its former glory, this still indicates the tremendous value of MPAs in rebuilding the breeding stock of important over-exploited linefish species,” says Basson.SA consumers more environmentally aware Consumers are becoming more aware of issues affecting the environment. “South African consumers are one of the main reasons why SASSI has been so successful and why we have seen some of our fish species recover,” Basson says. Another success story is that of the South African hake trawl fishery. Significant progress has been made in the management of the hake resource, as a result of both Marine Stewardship Council certification and consumer pressure. If consumers continue to ask questions, it will have major positive impacts for the entire seafood industry. First published by MediaClubSouthAfrica.com – get free high-resolution photos and professional feature articles from Brand South Africa’s media service. 1 October 2010 Thanks to South African consumers, the demand for over-exploited fish stocks is declining. Increasing consumer pressure on seafood retailers to stock sustainably harvested fish and support eco-friendly fishing methods have caused stocks of species such as kingklip to show signs of recovery. The Southern African Sustainable Seafood Initiative (SASSI) was launched six years ago to involve the entire seafood supply chain, including consumers, in creating a sustainable seafood industry. Today this initiative has proven to be a highly successful South African consumer campaign. The ocean has often been viewed as an “infinite resource”, but buy-in from the public is helping to correct this perception. Janine Basson from the Sustainable Fisheries Programme (SFP): Fisher and Consumer Outreach, says the SASSI programme has been so successful to date because consumers feel empowered. Their choices can drive positive change towards the recovery of fish stocks. “Consumers are given the opportunity to make informed choices when choosing which seafood to buy and eat. People want to be part of the solution to overfishing, and SASSI is a tool that allows them to do that,” Basson says. There are other seafood campaigns globally that are doing similar work. However, Basson says the major difference is that other international programmes do not partner with seafood industry players, whereas the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) South Africa is partnering with industry. This is a key strength of the programme.Finding solutions together A number of programmes are jointly finding solutions to the problem of overfishing and declining fish stocks. The SFP forms part of the WWF Sanlam Living Waters partnership, an initiative to promote marine conservation in South Africa. The SFP works across the seafood supply chain to address ecosystem overexploitation. It contributes to two of the partnership’s targets for the marine sector – firstly, to apply an ecosystem approach to fisheries in South Africa and reduce the impacts of destructive fishing practices to acceptable levels. Its other goal is to restore at least half of over-exploited fish stocks to sustainably managed levels, while still maintaining or improving the state of other stocks. The SFP aims to meet these targets through activities that focus on how fish are caught and traded. The Responsible Fisheries Programme works directly with the fishing industry and resource management and addresses how fish are caught. SASSI focuses on the trading aspect, which involves retailers, restaurants, chefs and consumers.Consumers asking the right questions Dr Samantha Petersen, project manager of the SFP, said in a statement that consumers must continue asking restaurants and retailers if they serve or sell sustainably harvested fish and seafood. Some fishing and seafood farming methods pose more harm to the environment than others. For instance, Basson says, line- or pole-caught methods are relatively selective and don’t kill unintended species such as seabirds and sharks. Although some forms of seafood farming can reduce pressure on overexploited wild stocks, this is only the case if wild fish don’t have to be fed to farmed fish, or if the production method doesn’t further degrade the environment. Consumers must not hesitate to ask in-depth questions about seafood and find out what they are buying or eating, where it comes from and how it was caught. Research indicates that positive changes at sea have predominantly resulted from consumer queries. “One consumer who asks questions about the sustainability of their seafood is likely to have a bigger influence than 100 who simply make a green choice without telling the restaurant or retailer why,” Basson says. Major success has also been achieved with SASSI’s progressive consumer tools. The SASSI Consumer Pocket Guide, originally drafted in 2005, uses a three-level colour classification to rate fish. Green indicates best choice while orange suggests caution and red means the species is illegal or classified as a “no sale species”. Certain species such as tuna were categorised in the green group, but this did not take the fishing method into account. The original red group only included the species that are prohibited from being sold by law.Get the SASSI list The new and updated SASSI list includes a revision of a number of species included on the original list. The new red group lists unsustainable species along with those that are illegal to sell in South Africa. Basson says the original list excluded important imported and aquaculture species, but the updated version includes a selection of these species. “This was becoming an increasingly pressing need due to the growing South African aquaculture industry,” she says. Download the pocket-sized version of the SASSI list (PDF, 1.25MB)
Filmmakers with limited budgets can often benefit from using mirror kits on set. This cinematography tip will help you maintain production value while keeping costs to a minimum.Top image via Christian Berger Producing an ultra-low-budget film is an extreme challenge, one that forces filmmakers with limited funds and resources to look for out-of-the-box solutions to keep their finances in check. Often, a disproportionate amount of money is spent on camera department and lighting rentals, meaning there’s less to go around for other critical elements such as art department, cast, locations, etc.That said, there are certainly methods for keeping your costs down in the camera/lighting department, one of which involves replacing your lighting kit with reflectors, or a mirror-based lighting kit.Image via KFLECTWe’ve all used mirror boards, bounces, and other reflective surfaces to help add some light to our scenes, but few of us have exclusively used reflective lighting kits to replace our traditional film lights, even though it’s a viable option. A number of companies have now started to produce mirror kits. Along with the Cine Reflect Lighting System, there’s the KFLECT kit, which is one of the more popular options.The principle behind all of these kits is quite simple: a series of mirrors are designed to strategically bounce light back and forth to each other, and eventually on to the subject, allowing for minimal film lights to be used. In most cases only a single light will be used, which is directed at one of the mirrors and then bounced around to the other reflectors as needed to light the scene.The Cine Reflect Lighting System in action via Christian BergerAmazingly enough, these kits can turn your single light source into dozens (or more) of sources — In the case of the KFLECT system, you effectively can have up to seventeen sources from one light.These kits are fantastic not only because they can save you money, but for a number of other reasons too. For instance, their small footprint allows you to use them in spaces that you otherwise might not be able to rig up a light. Plus, they’re far easier (and faster) to set up and tear down. Additionally, you don’t need to worry about color temperature issues between mixed lighting sources, since all of your lights are essentially coming from the exact same source.Whether you want to save money, space, or are just looking for a more portable solution to add to your existing lighting kit, a mirror system is an excellent option to consider. Check out this video below from Bob Gundu as he reviews the KFLECT kit:Do you have any experience working with mirror kits? Share your thoughts in the comments below.
Two groups of followers of a Dalit sect had a fight on Tuesday on the possible effects of National Register of Citizens (NRC) in West Bengal, resulting in many injuries. This is for first time that the two sects of Matua Mahasangha, a socio-religious body of a predominantly Dalit refugee sect, the Matuas, fought publicly, “tarnishing” the image of the apolitical body, followers said.About 40-45 lakh Matua voters are spread over nearly 50 of the 294 Assembly segments in West Bengal. On Tuesday, one section of the Matuas, headed by the Matua Mahasangha’s chairperson Mamatabala Thakur, convened a meeting in its headquarters at Thakurnagar in North 24 Paraganas, about 70 km north of Kolkata. Ms. Thakur is a former MP of TMC, defeated by her brother-in-law’s son Shantanu Thakur of the BJP in the recent Lok Sabha election.“Our objective was to make people aware of the possible impact of NRC on people who came from Bangladesh. We also invited Muslims,” a disciple close to Ms. Thakur’s faction said. Mr. Thakur’s faction opposed it and campaigned in the area over the last few days against this meeting that was held to “build up resistance against the NRC”.Mr. Thakur’s faction allegedly attacked Ms. Thakur’s meeting, which took “a communal turn” as many Muslims were present. “They started shouting Jai Sri Ram and asked why Muslims are allowed to come inside Thakurbari [the headquarters],” the disciple said. They alleged that their leader Sukriti Ranjan Biswas was also beaten up. The other faction, led by Mr. Thakur, denied the allegation.“They [Ms. Thakur’s faction] held the meeting in the venue even though we were scheduled to hold a meeting there. Moreover, they got Muslims to enter Thakurbari.” said another disciple who is close to Mr. Thakur. He also added that Ms. Thakur’s faction was “spreading false news” about NRC despite BJP president Amit Shah’s statement.“Mr. Shah said that there won’t be any NRC in Bengal and they [Ms. Thakur’s faction] were insisting that the BJP will push people out of the country, so we had to protest,” the disciple said.The scuffle deeply disturbed the followers of the sect and one of the religious chiefs of a group, among the multiple bodies of Matuas, regretted the incident. “Matua Mahasangha was founded on basis of equality to all. We believe that people should not discriminate and fight on basis of religious or political ideology… There should not be a BJP versus TMC division among the Matuas, or else that philosophy is breached,” the chief said.