NOTES TO EDITORS: It is appalling that in the twenty-first century there is still a big difference between the average earnings of men and women. While I am encouraged that over 10,000 employers have published their data, these figures set out in real terms for the first time some of the challenges and the scale of this issue. We need to take action to ensure businesses know how they can make use of their best talent and make their gender pay gaps a thing of the past. Building on the work by the Government Equalities Office, our enforcement approach has proved to be successful, resulting in full compliance by all those considered to be in scope. We have been clear that it is not only the right thing to do but that we would use all our enforcement powers where employers failed to report. They have taken our warnings seriously and avoided costly court action. We will now be turning our attention to the accuracy of reporting. For the first time ever 100% of UK employers identified as being in scope of gender pay gap regulations have published their data.The UK is one of the few countries in the world to require employers to publish such comprehensive gender pay gap data.Under new regulations that came into force in April 2017, all employers with over 250 employees are required to report their gender pay gap data. All 10,000 UK employers that the Government has identified as having over 250 workers have now published their data.The data has shown that more than three out of four in scope UK companies pay their male staff more on average than their female staff, more than half give higher bonuses to men, on average, than women, and over 80% have more women in their lowest paid positions than in their highest paid positions.The Government Equalities Office has also published today [Wednesday 1 August] a new ‘What Works’ guidance for companies to help them improve the recruitment and progression of women and close their gender pay gap.Minister for Women and Equalities, Penny Mordaunt, said: Fiona Dawson, Global President of Mars Food, also said: Delighted to see the launch of the Government Equalities Office, ‘What Works’ guidance and to see that the evidence based recommendations within it echo so many of those made by the Women’s Business Council particularly in relation to the importance of flexible, agile and dynamic working. The gender pay gap regulations and first year of reporting has focused the attention of the businesses community and its leaders on understanding the causes behind their organisations, and sector’s, gender gaps and the importance of putting into place practical solutions and actions to tackle their causes. Supportive guidance such as this document and best practice case studies of what has worked are vital for organisations to now take the next step in ensuring their staff have the same access to opportunity regardless of their gender. Last year Mars partnered with the Women’s Business Council to create ‘The Pipeline Effect’, a toolkit enabling gender parity beyond middle management where the gender gaps within most sectors dramatically increase. In the toolkit we’ve identified three primary obstacles to women’s mid-career progression. The visibility of relatable role-models, the need for supportive line management and most importantly the access to flexible, dynamic and agile working patterns. In Mars we’ve embraced this by rolling out multi-level sponsorship and mentoring programmes to support more women into senior leadership positions. This is supported by our in depth line manager training which ensures our family friendly policies including parental leave and flexible working are applied consistently across the business and ensures all employees hold authentic conversations with their managers allowing our male and female associates to enjoy balanced lives with thriving families and careers. Sheila Flavell, Chief Operating Officer, FDM Group, a global professional services provider with a focus on IT, said: At FDM diversity and equality have always been our core values and we are proud once again to report a zero per cent gender pay gap for the second year in a row. Achieving this required a huge effort at all levels of the organisation, including major initiatives such as our women returners and graduate recruitment programmes which help women train and enter the world of technology. We also had honest conversations about senior pay, job roles and increased opportunities for flexible working initiatives to ensure strong representation of women at the top of the company. Equality and Human Rights Commission Chief Executive, Rebecca Hilsenrath, said: The gender pay gap reporting process has been an incredibly positive initiative for UK companies, elevating a vital issue to the top of the boardroom agenda and forcing business leaders to face up to the extent of the problem. Whilst in some cases the reporting has shown major pay discrepancies in companies, it’s important to recognise that tackling this issue is no easy task. These businesses should be judged on the plans and promises they put in place to reduce the gap, and the willingness shown to make change happen. The ‘What Works’ advice to employers published by the Government Equalities Office today includes recommendations to: The ‘What Works’ guidance was produced in partnership with the Behavioural Insights Team. The guidance, including details of all of the research evidence, has been published on the gender pay gap website, https://gender-pay-gap.service.gov.uk/ For more information please contact the GEO press office on 0207 023 0600. Sheila Flavell, Chief Operating Officer, FDM Group, also said: Assess candidates based on actual tasks they would be expected to perform in their role, and make interviews more structured to avoid unfair bias creeping in. Encourage salary negotiation by showing salary ranges, as women are currently less likely to negotiate their pay than men. Introduce transparency to pay, promotion and reward processes. Fiona Dawson, Global President of Mars Food, said:
Sometimes, you have to step back to see the big picture.That’s the lesson that archaeology students are sharing with the public through a new exhibit at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology.The exhibit, “Spying on the Past: Declassified Satellite Images and Archaeology,” which remains open throughout the summer, presents case studies of how satellite images can illuminate archaeologically important landscape features that might not be visible from the ground. The examples are from sites in Syria, Iraq, Iran, and Peru. They reveal evidence of cities, trackways, irrigation canals, and even traces of nomadic travels.Ruth Pimentel, a student in the Anthropology Department’s sophomore tutorial in archaeology, said she’s thrilled to be able to share the excitement she felt in learning how to use satellite photos as archaeological tools.“While I was doing the research this semester, I kept seizing my hapless roommates, showing them pictures on my computer and talking them through the method, just because I couldn’t keep to myself how cool it was,” Pimentel said. “Having gallery space in the Peabody means everyone in the class will get to explain how awesome and exciting this material is, and with much bigger pictures.”The students’ work stems from more than a decade’s effort by Jason Ur, associate professor of anthropology, who has long used satellite photos to track elusive details of ancient civilizations and interpret them to gain new understanding of old ways of life (detailed in features such as irrigation canals) and connections between communities (elucidated by long-lost roadways).“The way humans modify their landscapes often has a pattern or regularity, whether intentional or unintentional, that cannot be appreciated from the ground,” Ur said. “I find the emergent order of networks of tracks or patterns of irrigation fields to be almost hypnotic from above.”Guided by Ur, students in the sophomore tutorial in archaeology first learned the techniques of analyzing satellite photos and then applied them to several archaeologically rich areas. Pimentel worked on the Assyrian Irrigation Project, which focused on northern Iraq near the Turkish border. She examined photographs of the remains of canals built under Assyrian emperors before the empire crumbled in the seventh century B.C.“We propose that the canals were partly displays of power — the extra water allowing for elaborate royal gardens, for example — and partly large-scale efforts to support agriculture for the increasingly concentrated population,” Pimentel said. “The canals are now mostly obscured by modern farms and towns. But on the satellite images, we’re able to see faint lines on a huge scale across the landscape, evidence of the massive earthworks once there.”Pimentel said some of the features were so faint that she had to train her eyes to detect them in the photos. There were some photos, however, in which the canals were immediately evident, she said.“We get excited about those images. They’re our showstoppers,” Pimentel said.In conducting his own research, satellite photos are just a starting point for Ur. He scours the images for patterns and follows that examination by traveling to a site to inspect the features of interest from the ground. He then goes back to the photos, reinspecting them with a new understanding of the landscape. There are times when, looking at the photos, features are difficult to discern, but there are other times when it’s clear something’s there, making interpretation the challenge.Ur draws photos from various sources. He even hails Google Earth as an excellent tool for an armchair archaeologist because it can fly you to the Great Pyramids and Stonehenge without leaving the office. Most valuable, though, are older photos, such as those from the CORONA spy satellites, declassified in the 1990s and available from the U.S. Geological Survey. Because CORONA flew in the 1960s and 1970s, the photos are less expensive than images from modern satellites, but Ur said even more important is that they allow him to look back in time. Forty years ago, there was much less development in some key areas, making features visible that might be obscured now.For visitors to the gallery, Ur said he hopes they understand that archaeology is more than just digging and more than just ancient cities. And Ur and his students said they hope viewers will understand that development is endangering many landscapes.“I hope visitors come away learning something new about the ancient cultures of Peru, of course, but also that archaeological sites are fragile places in a changing landscape,” said Adam Stack, a graduate student in archaeology who took the course and studied the Chan Chan site on Peru’s north coast. “It will take more than archaeologists to protect the past.”
Ireland’s first visit to the finals of a major tournament could hardly have got off to a better start when they launched their Euro ’88 campaign with a famous victory over England in Stuttgart. Ray Houghton’s header won the day as he wrote himself into Irish folklore, and not for the last time. June 25, 1990: Republic of Ireland 0 Romania 0 (After extra-time, Ireland win 5-4 on penalties) The Republic had made it out of their group to the knockout stages of the World Cup in Italy after draws with England, Egypt and Holland, and faced Romania in the last 16 in Genoa. The teams could not be separated over 120 minutes and when it came to the penalty shoot-out, Pat Bonner saved Daniel Timofte’s attempt to set the stage for unlikely hero David O’Leary to win it. June 18, 1994: Republic of Ireland 1 Italy 0 A rare error from the usually imperious Franco Baresi allowed Houghton to fire past goalkeeper Gianluca Pagliuca and hand the Republic a stunning World Cup victory over Italy at the Giants Stadium in New Jersey. Ireland had to defend their lead for 78 minutes, but with Paul McGrath in commanding form, did so to shock the Italians, who recovered to reach the final of USA ’94. September 1, 2001: Republic of Ireland 1 Holland 0 Mick McCarthy’s men found themselves up against it when, 58 minutes into their World Cup qualifier against the Dutch at Lansdowne Road, defender Gary Kelly was sent off for a second bookable offence. But, against all the odds, Jason McAteer put them ahead nine minutes later and, despite the presence of Ruud van Nistelrooy, Patrick Kluivert, Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink and Pierre van Hooijdonk on the pitch as the clock ran down, Holland were unable to find an equaliser. November 15, 2001: Iran 1 Republic of Ireland 0 (Ireland win 2-1 on aggregate) Press Association The Republic of Ireland face one of the biggest matches in their history on Sunday evening when they go into Euro 2016 battle with Poland knowing they could emerge with a ticket to France. Here, Press Association Sport takes a look at some of the previous occasions on which a nation held its breath and ultimately jumped for joy or wept in disappointment. June 12, 1988: England 0 Republic of Ireland 1 Having finished in second place in their qualifying group, Ireland found themselves pitched into play-off battle with Iran as a place in the 2002 World Cup finals in the Far East was dangled tantalisingly before them. First-leg goals from Ian Harte and Robbie Keane five days earlier sent them to Tehran with a 2-0 lead. Mysteriously without skipper Roy Keane for the away leg, and although Yahya Golmohammadi handed the hosts a 1-0 win amid a fevered atmosphere at the Azadi Stadium, the Republic were through. June 5, 2002: Republic of Ireland 1 Germany 1 When Miroslav Klose headed the Germans into a 20th-minute lead in Ibaraki, few neutrals expected anything other than a routine World Cup group game victory for his side. But, with injury-time at the end of the game ticking away, substitute Niall Quinn flicked on Steve Finnan’s long ball for Robbie Keane and the striker beat keeper Oliver Kahn to snatch a point. November 18, 2009: France 1 Republic of Ireland 1 (After extra-time, France win 2-1 on aggregate) The home side ran out at the Stade de France boasting a 1-0 lead in this World Cup play-off and with one foot on the plane to South Africa. However, on a night when Ireland produced the most thrilling display of Giovanni Trapattoni’s reign, Robbie Keane levelled the aggregate score before Thierry Henry’s handball set up William Gallas to score the most controversial of extra-time equalisers.
TROPHY Stall is the latest entity to join the Guyana Motor Racing and Sports Club’s (GMR&SC) Race of Champions Round 2.The company yesterday handed over a quantity of trophies to be awarded to the champion drivers in the various categories after this weekend’s event.Proprietor Ramesh Sunich made the donation to GMR&SC’s Office Executive Cheryl Gonsalves.In receipt of the trophies, GMR&SC president Rameez Mohamed expressed the club’s happiness at having the support of Trophy Stall once again.“Trophy Stall has been a longstanding sponsor of motorsport. All of our trophies including those for our international race meet have been supplied by Trophy Stall.”“We are really happy with the way things are shaping up from our committee’s perspective. Before this weekend we are going to wash the track because it is a bit sandy in certain parts.”He urged competitors to get registered early to avoid the last-minute rush.Meanwhile, in addition to the regular races, there is also expected to be the introduction of the Motul-sponsored time attack series.The sponsors for the event include: Hallmark Store, Jaigobin Hotel, Transpacific motor spares, Bikers Bar, Ready Mix, ISG, Sankars Auto Works, Special Auto, Tropical Shipping, CEMCO, China Harbour, Del Ice Company, Ramchand’s Wreckers, Hand-in-Hand, Choke Gas Station, Miracle Optical, KGM, Sheriff Security, Motor Trend, Ray Auto Sales, Rent-a-Tent and Jumbo Jet Auto Sales.