… new shipment to arrive soon – Public Health MinistryBy Devina SamarooA shortage of the yellow fever vaccine has struck the nation amid a mad rush to obtain the medication, in light of the recent outbreak of the disease in Angola.Dr George Norton said emergency efforts were being taken to procure more vaccines from BrazilPublic Health Minister, Dr George Norton said emergency efforts were being taken to procure more vaccines from Brazil and they were expected to arrive in Guyana within the next two weeks.The outbreak of the fatal disease in Angola prompted several countries to impose a travel requirement for the yellow fever vaccination. Guyana, as part of the Latin American region with risk of yellow fever, is listed as one of the countries whose residents would be required to be immunised and issued with a certificate prior to travel.The great inflow of persons to get vaccinated resulted in an unexpected shortage, as before, moves could be made to restock the shelves, the vaccination was depleted.According to the Berbice Regional Health Service, over 9000 yellow fever vaccines were administered within the space of three weeks in that county.Persons needing the vaccination to travel within the next 14 days are likely to delay or alter their plans, owing to the absence of the vaccine.Earlier reports indicate that the shortage being experienced was not as a result of lack of funding, but because of the global demand for the vaccine.During an interview with Guyana Times on Monday, the Public Health Minister assured that all efforts were being exhausted to ensure enough vaccines arrived in Guyana to recommence the distribution process.An advisory from the Public Health Ministry states that the supply of yellow fever vaccines which arrived in Guyana on June 17, 2016, has been depleted and that a new shipment is expected by August 30.The vaccine is only mandatory for travellers and children under one-year-old, and was being offered at all health centres across the country; nonetheless, all persons are encouraged to get vaccinated.Chief Medical Officer (CMO), Dr Shamdeo Persaud, had advised that once a person has been vaccinated, that person will be issued with a “blue card”.However, this card does not provide clearance for travel, but validates that such persons have indeed been vaccinated.A “yellow card” – which can be uplifted from the Public Health Ministry on Brickdam, the public hospitals at Suddie, New Amsterdam and Lethem, as well as the St Joseph Mercy Hospital – is a certificate of validation that you are immunised and allows you to travel to countries that impose yellow fever regulations.The vaccines are free of cost, but a fee of $1000 is required to obtain the certificate.Yellow fever is a viral infection transmitted by infected mosquitoes, most commonly found in parts of South America and Africa. When transmitted to humans, the yellow fever virus can damage the liver and other internal organs and can be potentially fatal.There is no specific treatment for yellow fever, but the symptoms can be treated while your body fights the virus. Headache, high temperatures and muscle pain can be treated using pain relievers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. Infected persons are urged also to drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.Other symptoms of yellow fever include jaundice, nausea, vomiting and fatigue.Meanwhile, the advisory from the Ministry further outlines that persons traveling to countries listed as ‘endemic’ for yellow fever (mainly in Africa and Asia) should also be in possession of a valid International Certificate of Vaccination.However, it was noted that residents of Guyana are not required to show proof of immunisation for travel to and from the United States of America, Canada, the United Kingdom, Europe, and most Caribbean and South American countries.The advisory explained too that if a person has been vaccinated at least once in their life and has the necessary documentation to prove this but is not in possession of a International Yellow Fever Vaccination Card, it is recommended that they visit the nearest regional vaccination centre to receive such.One dose of the yellow fever vaccine, even received as a child, is now valid for life according to the World Health Organisation International Health Regulations WHA67.13.
22 March 2005The Rand Show has been hailed as the most consistently successful consumer exhibition in Africa.The organisers reckon up to half a million people will turn up for this year’s event – running from 18 March to 3 April at the Expo Centre at Nasrec in the south of Johannesburg – and they’ve lined up a stunning range of entertainment and shopping opportunities for visitors.More than R20-million has been invested by Kagiso Exhibitions, the owners of the show, to stage this year’s event. It will boast the biggest and best line-up of chart-topping local musicians, a jam-packed exhibitor base and an awesome animal carnival. There is also the long-awaited return of A-grade show-jumping.On Saturday 2 April the showgrounds will thump to the township mixes of Brown Dash, MXO, Tokollo and Malaika and the hip-hop beats of Skwatta Kamp at the Metro FM Music Festival. It is one of the music year’s not-to-missed shows, and is on from 2pm until 8.30pm.Before the weekend is over, there is the YFM Youth Music Festival – on Sunday 3 April from 1pm. Among others, it will feature the popular kwaito sounds of Mandoza, Kabelo, Lebo, Hip Hop Panstula and the ever-popular Brothers of Peace. It ends at 8.30pm.Visitors will be spoiled for choice as more than 550 local and international exhibitors are displaying and selling their wares at the Rand Show’s exhibitor halls this year. Tomorrow’s Home, an exhibition of home furniture, electrical and decor products and leisure products, is being staged in Halls Six to Eight.The Global Trader’s Hall features exhibitions from around the world, in pavilions from India, Egypt, Syria, Iran and Pakistan, among other countries. Informal traders and crafters have set up camp at the Terrace.The SABC TV and Radio stall features competitions, shows and broadcasts, giving visitors an opportunity to sit in real TV or radio studios. Television presenters and radio DJs will also be at the show to meet and greet their fans.For something a little wilder, “Blunt” magazine has come to the party for the Rand Show Xtreme Street Sport Championships 2005, which will feature amateur and pro-challenge skateboarding, BMX riding, a Graffiti Art Challenge and the ASA Xtreme Stunt Shows, among other daring feats.For those who prefer their extreme sports a little safer, but no less thrilling, there is the 4×4 Experience, an advanced off-road track with mud beds, descents and ascents and the opportunity to drive in a 4×4 with an experienced driver.Animal lovers will have a ball at the Animal Carnival Pet Expo and Touch Farm, where they will be entertained and educated about responsible care and respect for all animals. For younger visitors there are talks about protecting animals, the environment and the preservation of our ecological heritage.To find out more about what’s on offer at this year’s Rand Show, visit the Rand Show website.Source: City of Johannesburg
1 April 2009South African consumer confidence rebounded in the first quarter of the year despite the global economy deteriorating further since November 2008, with the FNB/Bureau for Economic Research (BER) consumer confidence index rising by five points.According to First National Bank (FNB) and the BER, economic growth has contracted sharply in many countries, with share prices collapsing and millions of workers losing their jobs.“The global economy is heading for its biggest contraction since the Second World War,” First National Bank chief economist Cees Bruggemans said in a statement this week.“Consumer confidence has dropped to record lows in the USA. In light of these developments, the increase in the [FNB/BER index] bucks the US trend.”Positive developmentsAccording to Bruggemans, a number of developments supported consumer confidence in South Africa during the survey period and partly explain the increase in consumer confidence.This included the 150 basis point interest rate cut since December, with prospects for further declines (the survey was conducted before a further 100 basis points cut was announced on 24 March); a drop in the petrol price between November and February; the decline in inflation; a relatively stable rand exchange rate; and a confidence boosting national Budget announced on 11 February.“The Budget was positive for households,” Bruggemans said. “Households will benefit indirectly, as the fiscal stimulus partly counters the slump in economic activity.”The Budget included a number of measures to increase the disposable income of households directly, such as the additional R13-billion set aside for social grants and the R4.1-billion for the expanded public works programme.“Furthermore, the personal income tax scales were adjusted to fully compensate for inflation,” he said. “However, the increase in the fuel levy will partly offset the benefit of the tax rate adjustment.”Economy, households, durable goodsThe FNB/BER consumer confidence index survey is based on three questions, namely the expected performance of the economy, the expected financial situation of households, and the appropriateness of the present time to buy durable goods (such as furniture, appliances, electronic equipment, and motor vehicles).Despite the net percentage of consumers rating the present as an inappropriate time to buy durable goods remaining more or less unchanged relative to the fourth quarter of 2008, the net percentage expecting their own finances and the economy to improve during the next 12 months increased.The own finances sub-index increased from +9 to +15 and the economic performance sub-index from -5 to +4.“The reason why the own finances sub-index increased during [the first quarter of 2009] is probably because the positive impact of the interest rate cuts, lower petrol price and national budget fully countered the adverse impact of the job losses and fall in house prices,” said Bruggemans.High debt, no creditPossible reasons why consumers continued to rate the present as an inappropriate time to buy durable goods are their high debt burdens, increased difficulty in obtaining credit, a stock effect and the decline in residential building activity.The low level of the time to buy durable goods sub-index indicates dismal growth in spending on durable goods, Bruggemans said, adding that credit spending would also remain weak.“With the time to buy durable goods sub-index low and the economic performance and own finances sub-indices high, any rise in real disposable income should lead to increased consumer spending on non-durable goods and services,” he said. “Such a rise in real disposable income could happen if the positive impact of the lower interest rate and inflation continues to outweigh the negative effect of job losses.”SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material